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信息系统项目管理师英语题中英文对照复习(十三)
来源:信管网  2016年03月09日  【信管网:项目管理师专业网站所有评论

Scope Planning:Inputs
  范围规划:依据
  1 Enterprise Environmental Factors
  1 事业环境因素
  Enterprise environmental factors include items such as the organization's culture,infrastructure,tools,human resources,personnel policies,and marketplace conditions that could affect how project scope is managed.
  事业环境因素的例子有组织文化、基础设施、工具、人力资源、人事方针,以及市场状况,所有这些都会影响项目范围的管理方式。
  2 Organizational Process Assets
  2 组织过程资产
  Organizational process assets are the formal and informal policies,procedures,and guidelines that could impact how the project's scope is managed.Those of particular interest to project scope planning include:
  组织过程资产是能够影响项目范围管理方式的正式和非正式的方针、程序和指导原则。对项目范围规划有具体关系的过程资产包括:
  Organizational policies as they pertain to project scope planning and management
  与项目范围规划与管理有关的组织方针
  Organizational procedures related to project scope planning and management
  与项目范围规划与管理有关的组织程序
  Historical information about previous projects that may be located in the lessons learned knowledge base.
  可能存放于吸取的教训知识库中的历史信息
  3 Project Charter
  3 项目章程
  4 Preliminary Project Scope Statement
  4 项目初步范围说明书
  5 Project Management Plan
  5 项目管理计划
  Scope Planning:Tools and Techniques
  范围规划:工具与技术
  1 Expert Judgment
  1 专家判断
  Expert judgment related to how equivalent projects have managed scope is used in developing the project scope management plan.
  在制定项目范围管理计划时,利用专家就以往同等项目的范围管理方式所做出的判断。
  2 Templates,Forms,Standards
  2 样板、表格、标准
  Templates could include work breakdown structure templates,scope management plan templates,and project scope change control forms.
  样板可能包括工作分解结构样板、范围管理计划样板与项目范围变更控制表格。

Direct and Manage Project Execution:Inputs
  指导与管理项目执行:依据
  1 Project Management Plan
  1 项目管理计划
  2 Approved Corrective Actions
  2 批准的纠正措施
  Approved corrective actions are documented,authorized directions required to bring expected future project performance into conformance with the project management plan.
  批准的纠正措施就是为了保证项目将来实施的结果,始终符合项目管理计划的要求而批准并形成文件的指示。
  3 Approved Preventive Actions
  3 批准的预防措施
  Approved preventive actions are documented,authorized directions that reduce the probability of negative consequences associated with project risks.
  批准的预防措施就是为了降低项目风险的消极后果发生的可能性,而批准并形成文件的指示。
  4 Approved Change Requests
  4 批准的变更请求
  Approved change requests are the documented,authorized changes to expand or contract project scope.The approved change requests can also modify policies,project management plans,procedures,costs or budgets,or revise schedules.Approved change requests are scheduled for implementation by the project team.
  批准的变更请求就是为了扩大或缩小项目范国而批准并形成文件的变更。批准的变更请求还可能修改方针、项目管理计划、程序、费用或预算,或修改进度表。批准的变更请求由项目团队安排实施的时间进度。
  5 Approved Defect Repair
  5 批准的缺陷补救
  The approved defect repair is the documented,authorized request for product correction of a defect found during the quality inspection or the audit process.
  批准的缺陷补救就是为了纠正质量检查或审计过程中发现的产品缺陷,而批准并形成文件的请求。
  6 Validated Defect Repair
  6 确认的缺陷补救
  Notification that reinspected repaired items have either been accepted or rejected.
  就是否决验收和经过修理并需要重新检查物件而发出的通知。
  7 Administrative Closure Procedure
  7 行政收尾程序
  The administrative closure procedure documents all the activities,interactions,and related roles and responsibilities needed in executing the administrative closure procedure for the project.
  行政收尾程序记载了在执行项目行政收尾程序时,需要的所有活动相互磋商与配合,以及有关的角色与责任。
  Direct and Manage Project Execution:Tools and Techniques
  指导与管理项目执行:工具与技术
  1 Project Management Methodology
  1 项目管理方法系
  The project management methodology defines a process that aids a project team in executing the project management plan.
  项目管理方法系确定了帮助项目团队执行项目管理计划的过程。
  2 Project Management Information System
  2 项目管理信息系统
  The project management information system is an automated system used by the project management team to aid execution of the activities planned in the project management plan.
  项目管理信息系统是一个自动化系统,是协助项目管理团队开展项目管理计划和进度表中的活动时使用的工具。



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