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信息系统项目管理师英语题中英文对照复习(十二)
来源:信管网  2016年03月08日  【信管网:项目管理师专业网站所有评论

Integration is primarily concerned with effectively integrating the processes among the Project Management Process Groups that are required to accomplish project objectives within an organization's defined procedures.The integrative project management processes include:
  整体管理的基本任务就是为了按照实施组织确定的程序实现项目目标,将项目管理过程组中需要的各个过程有效形成整体。整体项目管理过程包括:
  1 Develop Project Charter–developing the project charter that formally authorizes a project or a project phase.
  1 制定项目章程-制定项目章程,正式批准项目或项目阶段。
  2 Develop Preliminary Project Scope Statement–developing the preliminary project scope statement that provides a high-level scope narrative.
  2 制定项目初步范围说明书-制定项目初步范围说明书,概括地说明项目的范围。
  3 Develop Project Management Plan–documenting the actions necessary to define,prepare,integrate,and coordinate all subsidiary plans into a project management plan.
  3 制定项目管理计划-将确定、编写、协调与组合所有部分计划所需要的行动形成文件,使其成为项目管理计划。
  4 Direct and Manage Project Execution–executing the work defined in the project management plan to achieve the project's requirements defined in the project scope statement.
  4 指导与管理项目执行-执行项目管理计划确定的工作,实现项目范围说明书确定的项目要求。
  5 Monitor and Control Project Work–monitoring and controlling the processes used to initiate,plan,execute,and close a project to meet the performance objectives defined in the project management plan.
  5 监控项目工作-监视和控制项目的启动、规划、执行和结束过程,实现项目管理计划中确定的实施目标。
  6 Integrated Change Control–reviewing all change requests,approving changes,and controlling changes to the deliverables and organizational process assets.
  6 整体变更控制-审查所有的变更请求,批准变更并控制可交付成果和组织过程资产。
  7 Close Project–finalizing all activities across all of the Project Management Process Groups to formally close the project or a project phase.
  7 项目收尾-最终完成所有项目管理过程组的所有活动,正式结束项目或项目阶段。

Project Charter.Formally authorizes the project.
  项目章程。正式核准项目。
  Project Scope Statement.States what work is to be accomplished and what deliverables need to be produced.
  项目范围说明书。说明应完成何种工作,需要提交哪些可交付成果。
  Project Management Plan.States howthe work will be performed.
  项目管理计划。说明如何实际完成这些工作。
  The project management plan is composed of the plans and documents generated by the various processes.Those items are the subsidiary plans and components of the project management plan.
  项目管理计划由各个不同过程完成的计划书与文件组成。这些成果属于项目管理计划的分计划和组成部分。

Direct and Manage Project Execution:Outputs
  指导与管理项目执行:成果
  1 Deliverables
  1 可交付成果
  A deliverable is any unique and verifiable product,result or capability to perform a service that is identified in the project management planning documentation,and must be produced and provided to complete the project.
  可交付成果是任何在项目管理规划文件中记录,并为了完成项目而必须生成和提交的独特并可核实的产品、成果或提供服务的能力。
  2 Requested Changes
  2 请求的变更
  Changes requested to expand or reduce project scope,to modify policies or procedures,to modify project cost or budget,or to revise the project schedule are often identified while project work is being performed.Requests for a change can be direct or indirect,externally or internally initiated,and can be optional or legally/contractually mandated.
  要求扩大或缩小项目范国,修改方针或程序,修改项目费用或预算,或修改项目进度表的变更,通常是在项目工作开展过程中确定的。变更请求可以直接或间接、内部或外部提出,可以是可选择的,也可以是法律或合同强制要求的。
  3 Implemented Change Requests
  3 实施的变更请求
  Approved change requests that have been implemented by the project management team during project execution.
  已经由项目管理团队在项目执行过程中实施的批准的变更请求。
  4 Implemented Corrective Actions
  4 实施的纠正措施
  The approved corrective actions that have been implemented by the project management team to bring expected future project performance into conformance with the project management plan.
  已经由项目管理团队为了保证项目将来的实施结果符合项目管理计划的要求而付诸实施的批准的纠正措施。
  5 Implemented Preventive Actions
  5 实施的预防措施
  The approved preventive actions that have been implemented by the project management team to reduce the consequences of project risks.
  已经由项目管理团队为了减小项目风险的后果而付诸实施的批准的预防措施。
  6 Implemented Defect Repair
  6 实施的缺陷补救
  During project execution,the project management team has implemented approved product defect corrections.
  已经由项目管理团队在项目执行过程中实施的批准的产品缺陷补救。
  7 Work Performance Information
  7 工作绩效信息
  Information on the status of the project activities being performed to accomplish the project work is routinely collected as part of the project management plan execution.This information includes,but is not limited to:
  按常规收集有关为了完成项目工作而进行的项目活动工作状态的信息和数据,属于执行项目管理计划的一部分。工作绩效信息包括但不限于:
  Schedule progress showing status information
  表明进度绩效的状态信息
  Deliverables that have been completed and those not completed
  已经完成与尚未完成的可交付成果
  Schedule activities that have started and those that have been finished
  已经开始与已经完成的计划活动
  Extent to which quality standards are being met
  质量标准满足的程度
  Costs authorized and incurred
  批准与已经开销的费用
  Estimates to complete the schedule activities that have started
  对完成已经开始的计划活动的估算
  Percent physically complete of the in-progress schedule activities
  绩效过程中的计划活动实际完成百分比
  Documented lessons learned posted to the lessons learned knowledge base
  吸取并已记录且转入经验教训知识库的教训
  Resource utilization detail.
  资源利用的细节



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